Promoting Economic Development Among Hawaiians of Filipino Descent

The Tydings-McDuffie Act of 1934 was a groundbreaking law that provided for the granting of Philippine independence within a decade. This act also made Filipinos from the United States foreigners, and imposed immigration quotas on the Philippines. This has caused a large number of Filipinos to leave their homes in search of permanent settlement or temporary work abroad, trends long attributed to the fragile economy (and exacerbated by frequent natural disasters).At present, almost one-fourth of Hawaii's population has Filipino ancestry and most come from a particular region of the Philippines. These newly arrived Filipino immigrants come from their 7,000 islands and settle in communities such as Kalihi and Waipahu, where there is a strong support system.

Among the state's major ethnic groups, people who are partly or all Filipinos also have the highest average family size, which is an important factor in their ranking of high household incomes. In his first year as president, Rodrigo Duterte made 21 trips abroad, visited 18 countries and contacted Filipinos abroad. Appearing before the Filipino communities of these GCC countries, he repeated his promise to provide better services through the proposed Department of Overseas Filipino Workers. This has laid the foundations for the expansion of migration policies in the Philippines. The next task is to maintain the momentum to maximize the development potential of migration and, at the same time, to continue to ensure the well-being of migrants. For instance, nearly 80% of people who are Filipinos, at least in part, live in family households.

In addition, nearly 76% of local Japanese live in owner-occupied units, compared to 69% of local Chinese and 64.1% of local Filipinos. The law primarily prohibits the pairing or commercial or for-profit offer of Filipinos with foreign citizens by mail, in person, or through the Internet, for the purpose of entering into a marriage or common-law union. HONOLULU (HawaiiNewsNow) - Approximately 1 in 4 residents of Hawaii has Filipino descent and most come from a specific region of the Philippines. HNN traveled to Ilocos Sur to learn about its history and culture, first to the city of Candon, the starting point of Filipino immigration to Hawaii. The leaders of the Waipahu Filipino Community Center are trying to rebuild that connection, including through events and workshops, such as one on Filipino martial arts skrima. For now, these two countries receive a small number of Filipino workers, although reports indicate that some 200,000 unauthorized Filipino domestic workers live in China, where they earn higher incomes than in Hong Kong. Some 4,000 Filipinos worked in the merchant marine but this possibility of employment ceased with the Merchant Marine Act of 1936. In other words, initiatives have been taken to promote economic development among Hawaiians with Filipino ancestry today.

The next step is to continue to ensure that these initiatives are successful and that migrants are able to benefit from them.